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  • Journal article

  • Authors : Neugroschl, Atara  (2023)

  • Nucleic acid probes are valuable tools in biology and chemistry and are indispensable for PCR amplification of DNA, RNA quantification and visualization, and downregulation of gene expression. Recently, triplex forming oligonucleotides (TFO) have received increased attention due to their improved selectivity and sensitivity in recognizing purine-rich double-stranded RNA regions at physiological pH by incorporating backbone and base modifications. For example, triplex forming pep...

  • Journal Article

  • Authors : E Atang, Alexandra (2023)

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) are characterized by thickening, thinning, or stiffening, respectively, of the ventricular myocardium, resulting in diastolic or systolic dysfunction that can lead to heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Recently, variants in the ACTN2 gene, encoding the protein α-actinin-2, have been reported in HCM, DCM, and RCM patients. However, functional data supporting the pathogenicit...

  • Journal article

  • Authors : Yadav, Manish K. (2023)

  • The complement cascade is an integral part of innate immunity, and it plays a crucial role in our body's innate immune response including combating microbial infections. Activation of the complement cascade results in the generation of multiple peptide fragments, of which complement C3a and C5a are potent anaphylatoxins. The complement C3a binds and activates a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) known as C3aR while C5a activates two distinct receptors...

  • Journal article

  • Authors : Choi, Yong Mi (2023)

  • Lipid droplets (LDs) are dynamic organelles that contain an oil core mainly composed of 36 triglycerides (TAG) that is surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer and LD-associated proteins 37 called perilipins (PLINs). During LD biogenesis, perilipin 3 (PLIN3) is recruited to nascent LDs as 38 they emerge from the endoplasmic reticulum. Here, we analyzed how lipid composition affects 39 PLIN3 recruitment to membrane bilayers and LDs, and t...

  • Journal article

  • Authors : Cannon, Kevin S. (2023)

  • processes such as signal transduction, membrane trafficking, and autophagy. Transient binding to the membrane has a profound impact on protein function, serving to induce conformational changes and alter biochemical and biophysical parameters by increasing the local concentration of factors and restricting diffusion to two dimensions. Despite the centrality of the membrane in serving as a template for cell biology, there are few reported highresolution stru...

  • Journal article

  • Authors : McFadden, Emily J. (2023)

  • The lncRNA Second Chromosome Locus Associated with Prostate 1 (SChLAP1) was previously identified as a predictive biomarker and potential driver of aggressive prostate cancer. Recent work suggests that SChLAP1 may bind the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex to promote prostate cancer metastasis, though the exact role of SWI/SNF recognition is debated. To date, there are no detailed biochemical studies of apo SChLAP1 or SChLAP1:protein com...