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Title: N1-Methylpseudouridine and pseudouridine modifications modulate mRNA decoding during translation
Authors: Monroe, Jeremy G.
Keywords: N1-Methylpseudouridine; pseudouridine; mRNA; dịch mã; mã hóa sai; Sửa đổi
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: bioRxiv
Abstract: rapid and accurate protein production. The inclusion of chemically modified bases into mRNAs has the potential to alter the strength and pattern of hydrogen bonding between mRNAs and aminoacyl-tRNAs to alter protein synthesis. We investigated how the N1-methylpseudouridine (m1Y) modification, commonly incorporated into therapeutic and vaccine mRNA sequences, influences the ability of codons to react with cognate and near-cognate tRNAs and release factors. We find that the presence of a single m1Y does not substantially change the rate constants for amino acid addition by cognate tRNAs or termination by release factors. However, insertion of m1Y can affect the selection of near-cognate tRNAs both in vitro and in human cells. Our observations demonstrate that m1Y, and the related naturally occurring pseudouridine (Y) modification, exhibit the ability to both increase and decrease the extent of amino acid misincorporation in a codon-position and tRNA dependent manner. To ascertain the chemical logic for our biochemical and cellular observations, we computationally modeled tRNAIle(GAU) bound to unmodified and m1Y- or Y- modified phenylalanine codons (UUU).
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