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Title: SARS-CoV-2 spike variants differ in their allosteric response to linoleic acid
Authors: Oliveira, A. Sofia F.
Keywords: biến thể; tăng đột biến; SARS-CoV-2; dị lập thể; axit linoleic
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: bioRxiv
Abstract: The SARS-CoV-2 spike protein contains a fatty acid binding site, also found in some other coronaviruses (e.g. SARS-CoV), which binds linoleic acid and is functionally important. When occupied by linoleic acid, it reduces infectivity, by ‘locking’ the spike in a less infectious conformation. Here, we use dynamical-nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (D-NEMD) simulations to compare the response of spike variants to linoleic acid removal. These simulations show that the fatty acid site is coupled to functional regions of the protein, some of them far from the site (e.g. in the receptor-binding motif, N-terminal domain, the furin cleavage site located in position 679-685 and the fusion peptide-surrounding regions) and identify the allosteric networks involved in these connections. Comparison of the response of the original (‘Wuhan’) spike with four variants: Alpha, Delta, Delta plus and Omicron BA.1 show that the variants differ significantly in their response to linoleic acid removal.
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Appears in Collections:OER - Kỹ thuật hóa học; Công nghệ sinh học - Thực phẩm; Công nghệ môi trường




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